Personal Injury

The Importance of Medical Records in Personal Injury Claims

Personal injury law is a crucial component of the justice system in Alabama that caters to individuals who have suffered harm due to the negligence or wrongful actions of others. These cases can range from automobile accidents and workplace injuries to slips and falls or medical malpractice. Central to the successful navigation of personal injury claims is the role of medical records. 

In Alabama personal injury cases, the details contained within medical documentation are not just mere formalities; they are the cornerstone upon which cases are built and adjudicated. Medical records serve as an irrefutable chronicle of the injuries sustained, the treatments undertaken, and the impact of the incident on the victim’s life. 

Understanding Personal Injury Claims in Dothan, AL

Personal injury is defined as physical or psychological harm caused to an individual due to another party’s negligence or intentional acts. This broad legal term encompasses a variety of incidents, each with its own nuances and complexities. 

Common types of personal injury cases in Dothan, AL include:

  • Automobile Accidents: These are the most frequent causes of personal injury claims, involving collisions between cars, motorcycles, trucks, and other vehicles. Factors like reckless driving, driving under the influence, and distracted driving often contribute to these accidents.
  • Workplace Injuries: Dothan’s diverse economic landscape, ranging from agriculture to manufacturing, leads to a variety of workplace injuries. These can result from equipment malfunctions, unsafe working conditions, or lack of proper safety measures.
  • Slip and Fall Accidents: Occurring in both public and private properties, these incidents are often a result of hazardous conditions like wet floors, uneven surfaces, and poorly lit areas.
  • Medical Malpractice: Instances where healthcare professionals deviate from standard practices, leading to patient injury or wrongful death, constitute medical malpractice cases.
  • Product Liability: This involves injuries caused by defective or dangerous products, which can range from household items to industrial equipment.

The Legal Landscape of Personal Injury Law in Alabama

Key elements of Alabama’s personal injury laws include:

  • Contributory Negligence: Alabama follows the strict doctrine of contributory negligence, meaning if a plaintiff is found even partially at fault for their injury, they may be barred from recovering damages.
  • Statute of Limitations: In Alabama, personal injury claims must generally be filed within two years from the date of the injury. This time limit is crucial as failing to file within this period typically results in the loss of the right to seek compensation.
  • Damage Caps: Alabama law imposes caps on certain types of damages. For example, punitive damages in medical malpractice cases are capped, which affects the compensation amount a plaintiff can receive.
  • Insurance Requirements: In cases like automobile accidents, Alabama’s insurance laws, mandating liability coverage, play a significant role in the compensation process.

The Role of Medical Records in Personal Injury Cases

Medical records play a pivotal role in Alabama personal injury claims. These records are comprehensive documents that detail an individual’s medical history and the treatments they have received. Some of the most important types of medical documentation include: 

  • Initial Medical Reports: These are created following the first medical examination after an incident, providing a baseline for the individual’s health immediately post-injury.
  • Diagnostic Records: This includes results from X-rays, MRI scans, blood tests, and other diagnostic tools that provide concrete evidence of the nature and extent of the injuries.
  • Treatment Records: Detailed accounts of treatments, surgeries, medications, physical therapy, and other forms of ongoing care document the process of recovery and rehabilitation.
  • Physician’s Notes: Observations and opinions from medical professionals regarding the injury, its probable cause, and its long-term implications offer valuable insights into the case.
  • Billing Information: Itemized billing statements provide a record of the financial impact of the medical treatment necessitated by the injury.

Importance of Medical Documentation in Proving Injury and Causation

Medical records serve as the bedrock of evidence in personal injury cases, as they provide objective data regarding the injuries sustained. These records are critical for several reasons:

  • Substantiating the Injury: They offer strong proof that the injury occurred and required medical attention, thus establishing the necessity of the claim.
  • Proving Causation: Medical records can help draw a direct line between the incident (such as an automobile accident or a slip and fall) and the injuries documented, thereby establishing causation, which is essential in personal injury litigation.
  • Documenting the Severity and Impact: The detailed nature of these records allows for an assessment of the severity of the injury and its impact on the individual’s life, which is crucial in determining the appropriate level of compensation.

Impact of Medical Records on the Credibility of the Injury Claim

The integrity and credibility of a personal injury claim are significantly bolstered by comprehensive and meticulously maintained medical records. These records impact the claim in several ways:

  • Enhancing Credibility: Consistent and detailed medical documentation lends credibility to the claimant’s account of their injuries and their aftermath. Incomplete or inconsistent records, conversely, can raise doubts about the claim’s validity.
  • Aiding Legal Arguments: Lawyers often rely heavily on medical records to construct persuasive legal arguments. The precise details contained within these records provide a strong foundation for establishing the link between the incident and the injuries claimed.
  • Quantifying Economic Damages: Medical records provide a detailed account of all the medical expenses incurred due to the injury. This includes costs for emergency care, hospital stays, surgeries, medications, physical therapy, and any long-term healthcare needs. 
  • Evaluating Non-Economic Damages: The subjective aspects of a personal injury claim, such as pain and suffering, emotional distress, and loss of enjoyment of life, are also influenced by medical documentation. Records that illustrate the severity of the injury, the pain endured during treatment, and the long-term physical and mental impacts can be pivotal in assigning a monetary value to these non-economic damages.
  • Supporting Future Medical Expenses: In cases of severe injuries that entail ongoing medical care, medical records can help in projecting future medical expenses. Detailed documentation of the injury’s prognosis, the anticipated course of treatment, and expert opinions on future medical needs are essential in ensuring that future costs are adequately covered in the compensation.
  • Influencing Jury Perceptions: If a case goes to trial, medical records become critical exhibits. They not only help in clearly demonstrating the injury’s impact to a jury but also lend credibility to the victim’s narrative. Detailed and well-maintained medical records can be compelling in swaying jury opinions, often leading to higher compensation awards.

Contact Our Reputable Dothan, AL Personal Injury Firm

If you or a loved one suffered a personal injury in Alabama that was caused by someone else’s negligence or reckless actions, you do not have to go through this ordeal alone. At M. Adam Jones & Associates, we understand the importance of building a strong claim using thorough medical records and other critical pieces of evidence, and we put our extensive experience to work to put you in the best possible position to recover maximum compensation. Contact us today for a free consultation and case assessment.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588 



The Importance of Eyewitnesses in a Personal Injury Case

Personal injury cases arise when an individual suffers harm caused by the negligent or intentional actions of another party. These cases encompass a wide range of incidents and circumstances, including:

  • Automobile accidents
  • Slip and fall incidents
  • Defective products
  • Medical malpractice
  • Dog bites and animal attacks

The most important aspect of any personal injury case is establishing liability. Without proof of fault and responsibility for the injury, the injured party cannot recover compensation for their losses.

Evidence plays a pivotal role in demonstrating liability and attributing blame. Police reports, medical records, expert testimony, and physical evidence from the scene all help build a case. However, eyewitness testimony often provides the most compelling and persuasive evidence for a claim.

In Alabama, eyewitness testimony takes on heightened importance for plaintiffs due to the state’s adherence to a pure contributory negligence doctrine. Under this strict standard, if an injured plaintiff is found to be even 1% at fault for causing the incident leading to their injuries, they can be barred from recovering any compensation. With such a high bar to meet, having strong eyewitness testimony to help prove the defendant’s responsibility while illustrating the plaintiff’s lack of fault can sometimes make or break a case.

Eyewitnesses in Personal Injury Law

An eyewitness is someone who personally observes an event or incident that leads to another person’s injury. This means that the person must have directly witnessed the accident or the circumstances that led to harm. Merely being present at the scene or arriving shortly afterward doesn’t make someone an eyewitness.

Eyewitness testimony holds a vital role in personal injury cases. Their firsthand accounts provide a glimpse into how the injury happened and who might be at fault. Unlike police officers and medical professionals, who arrive on the scene after the fact and must piece together the events, eyewitnesses can:

  • Corroborate facts: Their perspective can support other evidence and fill in details that might otherwise be missing.
  • Add context: They offer an immediate understanding of what transpired, enhancing official records and expert testimonies.

In Alabama’s courts, the admissibility of eyewitness testimony is determined by specific legal standards, guided by the Alabama Rules of Evidence. To be accepted, the testimony must be:

  • Relevant: The account must pertain directly to the facts at issue within the case.
  • Personal: The witness must have obtained their knowledge through direct sensory perception, without relying on speculation or hearsay.

Alabama courts tend to place significant importance on eyewitness testimony, particularly if it comes from a credible source without an evident bias or motive to misrepresent the truth. Skilled attorneys in Alabama recognize the potential power of eyewitnesses, identifying and interviewing them early in a case to secure their account while memories are still fresh.

How Eyewitnesses Contribute to Personal Injury Cases

Eyewitnesses play an invaluable role in personal injury cases by:

Establishing the Facts

  • Providing clarity on how the incident occurred.
  • Offering authentic, first-hand details that official reports may lack.
  • Corroborating the plaintiff’s version of events.

Bolstering Credibility and Persuasion

  • Humanizing the case by putting a literal “face” to the incident.
  • Potentially influencing judges and juries through their presence and testimony.

Addressing Contradictions

  • Helping resolve contradictions between different accounts.
  • Strengthening the plaintiff’s case against conflicting perspectives.
  • Eyewitnesses can explain discrepancies.
  • Their testimony can outweigh opposing witnesses.

By tapping into eyewitness testimony strategically, personal injury attorneys can maximize the value of these crucial witnesses.

Challenges Associated with Eyewitness Testimony

While eyewitness testimony can provide tremendous value in personal injury cases, it also comes with some inherent challenges that must be addressed:

Potential Bias and Reliability Issues

  • Human error – Witnesses may genuinely misremember or misperceive events.
  • Influence of external factors – Passage of time, leading questions, peer pressure, and other factors can distort memories.

Legal and Ethical Considerations

  • Susceptible to cross-examination – Credibility can be undermined on the stand.
  • Standards for use – Eyewitnesses must meet admissibility requirements to testify.

Overcoming Challenges with Eyewitness Testimony

An experienced attorney can maximize the benefits of eyewitness testimony and mitigate risks by:

  • Identifying all possible eyewitnesses early in the case.
  • Interviewing witnesses promptly to get their accounts on record.
  • Vetting witnesses to evaluate potential credibility issues.
  • Preparing witnesses thoroughly for depositions and trials.
  • Corroborating eyewitness testimony with other evidence.

By leveraging eyewitness testimony strategically, personal injury attorneys can often overcome potential deficiencies and utilize these witnesses to build a compelling, persuasive case.

Suffered a Personal Injury in Alabama? Contact M. Adam Jones & Associates for Assistance

In the realm of personal injury law, the role of eyewitnesses is crucial. Their first-hand accounts provide clarity and authenticity to the details of an incident. If you or a loved one suffered harm in an accident caused by the negligence or wrongful actions of another, the skilled personal injury attorneys at M. Adam Jones & Associates are here to help. We know how to identify and locate credible eyewitnesses, draw out convincing testimony, and utilize their accounts strategically to build a winning case.

Contact us today for a free, no-obligation consultation and case assessment.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588



Establishing Liability for an Uber or Lyft Accident

Over the past decade or so, we have witnessed a significant shift in the transportation industry with the meteoric rise of ridesharing services like Uber and Lyft. These platforms have revolutionized the way we travel, providing unparalleled convenience and flexibility for millions of users worldwide. In Alabama and across the United States, these services have swiftly become a popular choice for daily commuting, airport transfers, and even nights out when driving isn’t an option.

Along with its numerous benefits, the use of rideshare services has introduced new risks and complexities on our roads. Given the frequency of travel and the sheer number of vehicles affiliated with these platforms, accidents involving Uber and Lyft are inevitable.

Establishing liability in ridesharing accidents presents a unique set of challenges, primarily due to the status of the drivers and the complex network of insurance coverages that rideshare companies maintain. It is a multifaceted issue that can leave victims confused and unsure about their legal rights and options.

Understanding Ridesharing Services

Rideshare services such as Uber and Lyft are technological platforms that connect riders with drivers via smartphone apps. These platforms provide a flexible and convenient transportation alternative to traditional taxi services or public transportation.

Here is a basic rundown of how they work:

  • Users download the Uber or Lyft app onto their smartphones.
  • When a user needs a ride, they input their destination into the app, which then calculates an estimated fare based on factors like distance, time, and demand.
  • The user can then request a ride, and the app sends the request to nearby drivers.
  • Once a driver accepts the request, the app provides the driver with navigation instructions to the user’s pick-up location and final destination.
  • At the end of the ride, the fare is automatically charged to the user’s registered payment method within the app, and both the rider and driver can rate their experience after it is completed.

The Legal Status of Uber and Lyft Drivers

Rideshare drivers are generally classified in most jurisdictions as “independent contractors” rather than employees. This classification is a crucial aspect of the ridesharing business model and carries significant legal implications, especially when it comes to the question of liability in the event of an accident.

As independent contractors, Uber and Lyft drivers are essentially self-employed individuals who provide their services under a contract for a specified period or a specific task. Unlike employees, independent contractors are not directly under the control of the company; they are free to decide when, where, and how much they work. They use their own vehicles, and they are responsible for their operating expenses like fuel, maintenance, and insurance.

How The Status of Rideshare Drivers Affects Liability

The independent contractor status has profound implications for liability in the event of an accident involving an Uber or Lyft vehicle. Traditionally, under the legal principle of “respondeat superior,” employers can be held liable for the negligence of their employees committed within the scope of their employment. However, this principle does not usually apply to independent contractors.

Given their classification of drivers as independent contractors, Uber and Lyft have often argued that they are not responsible for accidents caused by their drivers, as they are not employees. They present themselves as technology companies that merely provide a platform connecting riders with drivers, rather than transportation providers.

However, this doesn’t mean that victims of rideshare accidents are without recourse. While the companies may attempt to limit their liability, they do provide insurance coverage for drivers, which can kick in under certain circumstances. The specifics of this insurance coverage and when it applies can be complex and often subject to intense legal scrutiny.

Moreover, the independent contractor classification of Uber and Lyft drivers has been challenged in several jurisdictions, with varying results. Some courts and regulators have found that given the level of control the companies exercise over the drivers, they should be considered employees for certain purposes.

Factors that Contribute to Uber and Lyft Accidents

A wide range of factors can contribute to accidents involving rideshare drivers. These include:

  • Driver Fatigue: Uber and Lyft drivers are susceptible to driver fatigue. The flexible nature of ridesharing allows drivers to work long hours or late into the night, increasing the risk of accidents due to impaired judgment, slow reaction times, and a reduced capacity to control their vehicles effectively.
  • Unfamiliarity with Routes: Unlike taxi drivers who typically have extensive knowledge of their service areas, Uber and Lyft drivers might be less familiar with their routes. They rely heavily on GPS navigation, which can sometimes lead to mistakes or sudden lane changes, increasing the risk of collisions.
  • Pressure to Earn: Because Uber and Lyft drivers are paid per ride, they may feel pressure to stay on the road longer, accept more rides, or rush between fares, potentially leading to fatigue or risky driving behaviors. The desire to maintain a high acceptance rate for rides may also lead drivers to continue working even when they are tired or during high-traffic periods when accidents are more likely.
  • Use of Rideshare Apps: The necessity of using the Uber or Lyft app while driving introduces an additional source of potential distraction. Drivers need to accept rides, navigate to pick-up and drop-off locations, and handle other tasks within the app, all while maintaining control of their vehicle and awareness of their surroundings.
  • Rider Distractions: Ridesharing drivers also deal with distractions from passengers, which can range from general conversation to dealing with unruly behavior. They also have to manage pick-ups and drop-offs, often in busy locations, which can distract them from the road.

Understanding these factors is critical when examining the causes of a rideshare accident and determining who may be at fault. It is also important to recognize that the complexity of these situations often requires careful investigation combined with expert legal analysis.

Establishing Liability in an Uber or Lyft Accident

Determining liability in a ridesharing accident is a complex process that depends on a variety of factors, including the specifics of the accident, the status of the driver at the time of the accident, and the policies of the rideshare company involved.

When and How the Ridesharing Company Might Be Held Liable

Although Uber and Lyft maintain that their drivers are independent contractors, both companies provide insurance coverage that can come into play if an accident occurs. However, the specifics of the coverage depend largely on the driver’s status at the time of the accident:

  • App Off: If the ridesharing app is off, the driver is not considered to be operating on behalf of Uber or Lyft. In the event of an accident, any claims would need to be filed against the driver’s personal auto insurance.
  • App On, No Ride Requested/Accepted: If the app is on but the driver hasn’t accepted a ride request yet, Uber and Lyft provide limited liability coverage. This coverage kicks in if the driver’s personal insurance doesn’t cover the accident or only covers part of the damages.
  • Ride Accepted or Passenger in Vehicle: From the time a driver accepts a ride request until the passenger is dropped off, Uber and Lyft provide more substantial insurance coverage. This includes liability coverage, uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage, and contingent comprehensive and collision coverage.

When and How the Driver Might Be Held Liable

The driver might be held liable in several circumstances. As mentioned above, if the driver is not operating on behalf of Uber or Lyft at the time of the accident (i.e., the app is off), any claims would typically be filed against the driver’s personal auto insurance.

Even when the driver is operating on behalf of Uber or Lyft, they might still bear some degree of responsibility. For example, if the driver’s negligence or recklessness caused the accident, they could be named as a defendant in a lawsuit.

Given the complexities involved in these situations, anyone involved in an accident with a rideshare vehicle should seek experienced legal advice to ensure their rights are protected and that they are able to pursue all available avenues for compensation.

Injured in a Ridesharing Accident in Alabama? Contact M. Adam Jones & Associates for Legal Help

If you or a loved one got hurt in an Uber or Lyft accident in Alabama, you do not have to face the situation alone. At M. Adam Jones & Associates, we have the experience, knowledge, resources, and dedication to help you navigate this complex legal landscape, fight for your rights, and work toward the best possible outcome in your case. Take the first step today by contacting us for a free consultation and case assessment.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588



The Role of Driver Fatigue in Commercial Truck Accidents

Commercial truck accidents are a serious issue on our roads. Due to the large size and heavy weight of these vehicles, when collisions happen, the damage can be severe and life-altering. In many instances, the aftermath of these accidents includes serious injuries, significant property damage, and, tragically, sometimes even loss of life.

One of the key factors contributing to these accidents is driver fatigue. This refers to a state of extreme tiredness caused by insufficient rest or excessive physical or mental work. Fatigued drivers have slower reaction times, impaired decision-making abilities, and a reduced capacity to control their vehicles effectively. This makes driver fatigue a silent yet significant risk on our highways.

Understanding Driver Fatigue

Driver fatigue refers to a state of extreme weariness resulting from prolonged physical or mental exertion. It manifests as a reduced ability to perform tasks, slower reaction times, and a diminished capacity to process information. When a person is fatigued, their body and mind cry out for rest and recuperation.

So, what causes driver fatigue? The condition can stem from one or several factors such as physical tiredness, long working hours, or sleep deprivation.

For instance, a truck driver may start feeling fatigued after hours of continuous driving, not just because of the monotony of the road but also due to the physical strain it puts on the body. Add to that long working hours, which are common in the trucking industry, and the problem escalates. Longer hours behind the wheel mean fewer opportunities to rest and sleep. When drivers don’t get enough sleep, they wake up feeling unrefreshed and find it challenging to stay alert throughout their shift, further exacerbating the problem.

The issue of fatigue is particularly bad among commercial truck drivers. The nature of their job, which often involves long-haul trips, tight delivery schedules, and overnight driving, is inherently conducive to fatigue. Furthermore, they operate in an industry where downtime equals lost earnings, and this economic pressure can discourage adequate rest.

The Dangers of Driver Fatigue in Commercial Trucking

Fatigue has a significant impact on driver performance, much like alcohol or certain medications. It impairs cognition and motor response, both of which are critical for safe driving. Tired drivers may experience slower reaction times, finding it more difficult to respond swiftly to sudden changes in the road or traffic conditions. Their decision-making abilities may also suffer, leading to poor judgment calls.

A fatigued driver might misjudge the distance between vehicles or the speed of oncoming traffic, for instance. Moreover, extreme fatigue can cause momentary lapses in attention, or in severe cases, even lead to microsleeps—brief, unintended episodes of loss of attention associated with events such as a blank stare, head snapping, and prolonged eye closure—which can be particularly dangerous when controlling a heavy commercial truck at high speeds.

Consider a hypothetical scenario: a truck driver, after 10 hours on the road with minimal breaks, is driving late at night to meet a tight delivery deadline. As fatigue sets in, their eyelids become heavy, and their concentration begins to wane. Suddenly, a car ahead brakes unexpectedly. The truck driver’s fatigued state delays their reaction, and they are unable to stop in time, resulting in a rear-end collision. Unfortunately, incidents like these are all too common on Alabama roadways.

Who is Responsible for an Accident Caused by Truck Driver Fatigue?

Trucking accidents are inherently complex because they are subject to numerous laws and regulations and potentially involve multiple parties. The task of identifying who is at fault can become quite complicated, involving a careful review of the details leading up to the accident.

When an accident occurs due to truck driver fatigue, the primary party held responsible is, of course, the truck driver themselves. They are expected to manage their work-rest cycles responsibly, recognizing when they are too tired to drive and taking appropriate breaks. However, liability may not stop with just the driver.

The trucking company could also be found at fault if they have been overworking the driver, imposing unrealistic deadlines, or maintaining work schedules that discourage sufficient rest. Essentially, if a company’s practices contribute to driver fatigue among its employees, it can be held accountable for any resultant accidents.

For those who are injured in a trucking accident due to driver fatigue, various forms of compensation may be available:

  • Medical Expenses: These include all costs related to medical care required due to the accident, such as hospital bills, medication costs, rehabilitation fees, and ongoing treatment expenses. It is crucial to maintain detailed records of these costs as they can quickly accumulate.
  • Lost Earnings: If the injuries from the accident force you to miss work, you may be compensated for lost earnings during your recovery period. This also covers any reduction in earning capacity if the injuries impact your ability to work in the future.
  • Pain and Suffering: This refers to the physical pain and emotional distress endured as a result of the accident. These types of damages are more subjective compared to the damages that relate to direct economic costs, but they are equally important for the victim who is forced to suffer through no fault of their own.
  • Property Damage: If your vehicle or any other personal property was damaged in the accident, you could seek compensation for repair or replacement costs.

Understanding who is at fault in a trucking accident and what damages might be available is a complex process. Navigating this process successfully requires a thorough understanding of the law, attention to detail, and most often the assistance of experienced legal professionals.

Injured in an Alabama Trucking Accident Due to Driver Fatigue? Contact M. Adam Jones & Associates for Legal Help

If you or a loved one got hurt in a truck accident due to driver fatigue, we encourage you to reach out for legal guidance as soon as possible. At M Adam Jones and Associates, we are committed to providing strong legal representation to those impacted by such accidents. Our team is dedicated to thoroughly investigating your case, establishing liability, and helping you recover the full and fair compensation you deserve.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588



The Connection Between Car Accidents and Aggressive Driving Behaviors

Car accidents are an unfortunate reality on the roads, with a variety of factors contributing to vehicle crashes. One significant and often overlooked cause of car crashes is aggressive driving behaviors. Driving aggressively or recklessly vastly increases the likelihood that a collision may occur. But even worse than that, this type of behavior also tends to result in more severe accidents and injuries.

Types of Aggressive Driving Behaviors

Aggressive driving refers to various moving traffic offenses that endanger other persons or property. The National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) defines it as “the operation of a motor vehicle in a manner that endangers or is likely to endanger persons or property”. This type of driving is characterized by risky behaviors that ignore the safety of others on the road.

Some common examples of aggressive driving behaviors include:

  • Running stop signs or red lights.
  • Failure to yield to other drivers when they have the right-of-way.
  • Weaving in and out of traffic via excessive lane changes.
  • Honking at other vehicles in non-emergency situations.
  • Displays of anger to other vehicles.
  • Switching lanes quickly or very closely behind another car.
  • Making rude gestures.
  • Driving 15 mph or more over the speed limit on a freeway.
  • Passing in front of a vehicle at less than a car’s length.
  • Speeding up when another vehicle tries to pass.

Aggressive driving is typically motivated by impatience, annoyance, hostility, or an attempt to save time. For example, someone who is running late for an important appointment might be more inclined to take unnecessary chances while driving in order to get back on schedule. But this is a shortsighted approach.

While they may legitimately have something important to get to quickly, it is much safer to pull over, contact the people they are seeing, and let them know that they will be a few minutes late. In most non-emergency situations, being a little bit late is not going to be a big deal.

The Impact of Aggressive Driving on Car Accident Severity

Aggressive driving significantly contributes to the severity of car accidents, as the risky behaviors involved often lead to dangerous situations on the road. A study analyzing the effect of aggressive driving behavior on driver injury severity at highway-rail grade crossings in the US found that such behavior could have a considerable impact on the outcomes of accidents.

Aggressive driving is also likely to be perceived as negligence if this behavior results in a crash. However, you still must prove a connection between the motorist’s driving and the accident.

There are four main elements of negligence that must be established in an auto accident case. They are:

  1. The defendant’s duty. The defendant has a duty to exercise reasonable care while operating their vehicle to prevent harm to others on the road. In relation to aggressive driving, this duty entails avoiding behaviors that endanger other drivers, such as speeding, tailgating, or cutting off other vehicles.
  2. Breach of that duty. A breach of duty occurs when the defendant fails to uphold their duty of care, acting in a manner that a reasonable person would not under similar circumstances. In an aggressive driving case, a breach of duty could be demonstrated by the defendant engaging in aggressive (bordering on reckless) behaviors, such as any of those mentioned previously.
  3. Actual and proximate causation. To establish causation, it must be proven that the defendant’s breach of duty directly caused the plaintiff’s injuries and that those injuries were a foreseeable result of the defendant’s actions. In an aggressive driving case, causation could be shown by proving that the defendant’s unsafe driving led to a collision, resulting in the plaintiff’s injuries.
  4. Compensable losses/damages. The plaintiff must demonstrate that they suffered actual harm or damage as a result of the defendant’s negligence. In an aggressive driving case, damages could include medical expenses, lost wages, lost earning capacity (when injuries are permanent and debilitating), pain and suffering, emotional distress, and property damage caused by the collision.

Preventing Aggressive Driving-Related Accidents

Given the potential consequences of aggressive driving, it is crucial for drivers to recognize the dangers of such behavior and take proactive steps to avoid being involved in an accident as a result:

  • Manage Anger and Stress: Aggressive driving can be triggered by anger or stress. Practice relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, and maintain a calm and focused mindset while driving.
  • Be Patient and Courteous: Avoid tailgating, excessive speeding, and unsafe passing, as these behaviors can escalate into aggressive driving. Give other drivers plenty of space and respect their right-of-way.
  • Obey Traffic Signals and Signs: Running stop signs, red lights, or disregarding traffic signals can lead to accidents caused by these actions. Always follow traffic rules and regulations.
  • Avoid Engaging with Aggressive Drivers: If you encounter an aggressive driver, do not engage or retaliate. Instead, maintain a safe distance and avoid making eye contact or responding to any rude gestures.

Injured in an Aggressive Driving Accident in Alabama? Contact M Adam Jones and Associates for Assistance

If you or a loved one has been injured in an aggressive driving-related accident in Alabama, it is important to speak with an attorney as soon as possible about your case. At M Adam Jones and Associates, we understand that getting injured in an auto crash can turn your life upside down, and we are here to provide strong legal guidance and moral support during this difficult time.

Once you retain our services, our legal team will thoroughly investigate your case, gather evidence, and build a strong claim on your behalf. And we take all personal injury cases on a contingency fee basis, meaning that you never have to pay upfront attorney fees to receive the experienced representation you need and deserve.

Take the first step today by contacting our office for a free consultation and case assessment. We look forward to serving you!

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588

How Music and Audio Distractions Can Increase the Risk of Car Accidents in Alabama

Driving requires complete focus and attention to what is happening on the road in order to ensure the safety of everyone. However, many drivers listen to music or podcasts or deal with other audio distractions while driving, which can lead to serious accidents. These types of distractions are not thought about as much as texting and other forms of visual distractions, but they can still result in deadly consequences.

Types of Audio Distractions

There are various forms of audio distractions that can impair a driver’s ability to concentrate and make quick decisions while driving. Some common audio distractions include:

  • Music: Listening to music while driving is a popular activity, but it can divert a driver’s attention from the road, especially if the music is too loud or the driver is constantly changing songs. The driver might become too absorbed in the music and fail to notice essential road signs or upcoming hazards, for example.
  • Podcasts and Audiobooks: Engaging stories or discussions can be very absorbing, causing drivers to lose focus on their driving. As drivers get immersed in the content, they might miss important visual cues or fail to react to sudden changes in traffic conditions.
  • Phone Conversations: Although hands-free devices are safer than a driver holding a phone, they can still become a significant distraction when drivers may become immersed in their conversations. This can result in slower reaction times and reduced attention to the road, increasing the risk of accidents.
  • Voice-Activated Infotainment Systems: Using voice commands to control music, navigation, or other features can also distract drivers, as they must shift their focus from the road to interact with the system. This distraction can be particularly dangerous when navigating complex traffic situations or during adverse weather conditions.
  • Passengers: Engaging in conversations with passengers can also be a form of audio distraction. The driver might become too involved in the conversation, which can lead to a decrease in their overall attention to the road.

How Audio Distractions Can Lead to Car Accidents

Audio distractions can impair a driver’s ability to concentrate on the road and react to potential hazards. Some ways that audio distractions can contribute to car accidents include:

  • Reduced Situational Awareness: Loud music or engaging audio content can make it difficult for drivers to hear critical sounds like sirens, horns, or screeching tires, which can prevent them from reacting appropriately to emergency situations. This reduced awareness can result in collisions with emergency vehicles or the failure to react to sudden braking by other drivers.
  • Slower Reaction Times: When drivers are absorbed in audio distractions, they may not notice traffic signals, pedestrians, or other vehicles in time to avoid a collision. These distractions can lead to drivers running red lights, failing to yield at intersections, or not stopping for pedestrians in crosswalks.
  • Cognitive Overload: Multitasking while driving, such as listening to an audiobook while navigating through traffic, can overload a driver’s cognitive abilities, leading to poor decision-making and increased risk of accidents.
  • Drowsiness: Listening to soothing music or calming audio content can contribute to drowsiness, which impairs a driver’s ability to stay alert and focused on the road. Drowsy driving can lead to drifting out of the lane, sudden braking, or falling asleep at the wheel, causing serious accidents. This issue is especially common when motorists drive during the evening and overnight hours.

How to Avoid Audio Distractions While Driving in Alabama

Here are some ways that drivers can minimize the risk of car accidents caused by audio distractions:

  • Set Audio Preferences Before Driving: Choose your music, podcast, or audiobook selections before starting your journey to minimize interaction with your infotainment system while on the road. This can help reduce the temptation to constantly change the audio source while driving.
  • Keep the Volume at a Reasonable Level: Listening to audio content at a moderate volume allows you to stay aware of important sounds from the surrounding environment, such as sirens, horns, or other vehicles.
  • Limit Phone Conversations: As much as possible, avoid making or receiving phone calls, even using hands-free devices, while driving. If you must take a call, consider pulling over to a safe location to conduct the conversation. This will allow you to maintain full focus on the road and traffic conditions.
  • Use Voice-Activated Systems Sparingly: While voice-activated infotainment systems can be convenient, they can also be a source of distraction. Limit your use of these systems while driving and only interact with them when necessary and safe to do so.
  • Plan Breaks During Long Drives: If you are on a long drive and need to catch up on phone calls or texts and other electronic messages, schedule breaks to do so. Pulling over at rest areas or parking lots allows you to keep up with your business without compromising your driving safety.
  • Educate Passengers: Inform your passengers about the importance of minimizing audio distractions while driving. Encourage them to keep conversations at a reasonable volume and to avoid discussing emotionally charged issues as much as possible.

Injured in a Car Accident in Alabama? Contact a Reputable Personal Injury Firm

If you or a loved one has been involved in a car accident caused by audio distractions or other negligent or reckless acts, it is crucial to seek strong legal guidance. The attorneys at M. Adam Jones and Associates have the in-depth experience and knowledge necessary to help you navigate the complex process of filing a claim and fighting for the compensation you deserve. Contact us today for a free consultation and start the path toward justice and recovery.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588



Ways to Strengthen Your Personal Injury Claim in Alabama

Suffering a personal injury can be a life-altering experience that can leave you with physical, emotional, and financial challenges. Depending on the circumstances that led to your injury, you may have the legal right to seek compensation from the responsible party.  There is no guarantee that you will receive fair compensation for your losses, however.

You must prove your damages to an insurer that wants to pay you as little as possible. And if the insurance company does not act in good faith, must be prepared to seek full damages through litigation.

To increase your chances of a successful outcome with your personal injury claim, you need to be proactive and take the necessary steps to build a strong case.

Gathering Evidence

Gathering evidence is crucial to building a strong personal injury claim in Alabama. The more facts and pieces of evidence you have to support your claim, the stronger your case will be. It is important to collect evidence as soon as possible after the accident or incident that caused your injuries.

There are several different types of evidence that can strengthen your claim:

  • Witness Statements: If there were witnesses to the injury, be sure to collect their contact information and ask them to provide a statement about what they saw. These statements can provide valuable information about how the accident occurred and who was at fault.
  • Police Reports: If law enforcement responded to the accident, they will likely create a report that details what happened. Request a copy of the police report as soon as it becomes available; and review the report to correct any inaccuracies within it.
  • Medical Records: Medical records are essential in building a strong personal injury claim. Your medical records can provide documentation of your injuries and the treatment you received. Be sure to keep all records of medical treatment, including doctor’s notes, test results, and bills.
  • Photos and Videos: Photographs and videos can also be valuable pieces of evidence in a personal injury claim. Take pictures of the accident scene, any damage to vehicles or property, and your injuries. If there are surveillance cameras in the area, request copies of any footage that may have captured the accident.
  • Personal Injury Journal: It is a good idea to keep a daily journal as you deal with and attempt to recover from your injuries. Journaling is not only therapeutic and a way to help you document your progress, but your daily entries can also be used to demonstrate some of your noneconomic losses, such as physical pain and suffering and emotional distress.

Seeking Medical Attention

Seeking medical treatment is not only important for your health and recovery but also for your personal injury claim in Alabama. If you have been injured, it is crucial to get prompt medical attention so you can receive appropriate treatment as soon as possible. Not seeking medical attention promptly can give the insurance company a reason to dispute your claim, arguing that your injuries are not severe enough to warrant compensation.

Once you have sought medical treatment, it is also important to keep all of your medical appointments and follow your doctor’s orders. Failing to do so can negatively impact your claim. For example, if you return to work too soon or go grocery shopping when you are supposed to stay at home, you may re-aggravate your injury, giving the insurance company a reason to dispute the claim.

Dealing with Insurance Companies

Dealing with the insurance carrier that represents the responsible party can be challenging, especially when you are trying to handle the claim on your own. As we talked about earlier, insurance adjusters want to minimize payouts, and they may use various tactics to try to undermine your claim or get you to settle for less than you deserve.

If you are handling your claim on your own, it is important to be cautious when speaking with insurance adjusters. Do not admit fault, do not provide a recorded statement, do not provide more information than necessary, and do not accept a settlement offer without first consulting with an attorney.

One of the benefits of working with an experienced personal injury attorney is that they can handle negotiations directly with the insurance company on your behalf. Your attorney can communicate with the insurer, negotiate a fair settlement, and help ensure that you receive the compensation you deserve.

A seasoned attorney will have a thorough understanding of the legal system and the tactics that insurance adjusters typically use to undermine claims. They can also help you calculate the full extent of your damages, including medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering.

Understanding Alabama’s Contributory Negligence Statutes

Alabama is one of just a handful of states that follows the doctrine of contributory negligence. Under this doctrine, an injured person can be denied compensation if they are found to be in any way at fault for the underlying accident or event that caused their injury. This means that if the insurance company or a court determines that you contributed to the accident in any way, you may be denied compensation.

The contributory negligence rule can make personal injury claims in Alabama far more challenging as insurance companies may try to use it to avoid paying out claims. This is another reason why it is best to retain strong legal counsel to represent you, especially if your injuries are moderate to severe and/or there are any complicating factors in your case.

It is also important to retain an attorney as soon as possible after your injury before any crucial mistakes are made that could impact your claim. Your attorney can help ensure that your rights are protected and can advise you on the best course of action to maximize your chances of receiving full and fair compensation.

Contact Our Experienced Alabama Personal Injury Lawyers

If you or a loved one suffered an injury in Alabama that was someone else’s fault, you may be entitled to significant compensation. Before too much time elapses, get in touch with M. Adam Jones & Associates to get started on your legal claim. We are ready to go to work for you!

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588



The Importance of Getting a Lawyer Involved Early after a Trucking Accident

Accidents involving large trucks can result in some of the most severe injuries, and in far too many cases, fatalities. Tractor-trailers can weigh up to 40 tons when they are fully loaded, and whenever a vehicle this massive collides with a regular passenger car, there is a much greater chance of catastrophic consequences. Filing a legal claim for compensation after being injured in a commercial truck accident is not so easy, however.

The trucking industry is heavily regulated, and there are numerous laws and regulations that govern it. In addition, these types of accidents often involve several different parties who could be at fault, and sorting out who the responsible parties are is a complicated task. On top of all of this, big rig accident cases are often worth significantly more than a standard car crash, and defendants typically dedicate substantial resources to fight these cases.

If you or someone close to you was injured in a trucking accident in Alabama, you need strong legal counsel by your side advocating aggressively to protect your legal rights and interests. As soon as possible after the accident, contact M. Adam Jones & Associates for assistance. Our firm has extensive experience representing clients in truck crash cases, and we have a successful track record both inside and outside the courtroom. Call us today at 334-699-5599 or send us an online message to set up a free consultation with one of our attorneys.

What the Trucking Company Does After a Big Rig Crash

It is important to understand how a trucking company reacts to a tractor-trailer accident. Immediately after the crash, the truck driver contacts the company, and the driver is always coached never to admit any fault for what happened.

Next, the case is usually referred to a person in their company known as the “safety director”. This person has likely dealt with several other truck crashes before, and they have certain protocols that they follow.

Unfortunately, very little of what they do has to do with actual safety. They do not send anyone to check on injury victims, offer to pay their immediate medical bills, see if there is any other way they can help, none of that. Mainly what they do is record all of the details of the crash and refer the case to the company’s legal team, and in many cases, this is all accomplished before the police even arrive at the scene.

Trucking companies employ high-priced legal teams whose job is to mitigate their losses when one of their drivers causes a crash, and they go to work immediately after a truck accident. This means if you have been injured in a truck crash, you are facing an uphill legal battle from the get-go. The only way to level the playing field is to get an attorney involved on your behalf as soon as possible.

How an Experienced Lawyer Can Help with Your Truck Accident Claim

If you retain a skilled truck crash attorney immediately after an accident, they will go to work right away to preserve critical pieces of evidence that could otherwise be compromised. This includes the truck’s “black box”, the driver’s logs, and statements from witnesses while the accident is still fresh in their minds.

Your lawyer will likely send an anti-spoilation letter informing the trucking company of the need to preserve evidence in their possession. They will also thoroughly investigate the crash to identify any and all factors that caused or contributed to it.

This investigation could point to a number of different parties that could potentially be held liable, including:

  • The truck driver.
  • The trucking company.
  • The party in charge of maintaining the truck.
  • The cargo/shipping company that loaded the truck.
  • The owner or lessor of the truck.
  • The manufacturer, supplier, or distributor of a faulty vehicle or vehicle part that contributed to the crash.

Once an extensive investigation is completed, your attorney will prepare a legal claim against all parties who are at fault for the crash. In most cases, the defendants will know that your claim is rock-solid and that they are better off giving you a reasonable settlement offer rather than going to trial. If they are not willing to negotiate in good faith, however, your attorney will be fully prepared to litigate your claim if necessary.

Injured in a Trucking Accident in Alabama? Contact M. Adam Jones and Associates for Assistance

If you are a loved one suffered an injury and a truck crash in Alabama, M. Adam Jones & Associates is ready to go to work for you! Get in touch with us today to get started on your claim.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588



How Accident Scene Photos Can Increase the Value of a Car Crash Claim

It only takes a split second for a car accident to occur, but it can take months or years to deal with the effects of a crash. Physical injuries can be severe in a lot of cases, which can cause accident victims to miss a lot of work and even end up with permanent debilitating conditions that keep them from working altogether.

If the car crash was entirely the fault of another party (or parties), you will most likely need to file an accident claim with the responsible party’s insurer. The insurance company will not be on your side though. They will look for ways to deny your claim or diminish the value of it, so they can minimize their losses. For this reason, you need to have as much evidence as possible to prove your case.

One of the most valuable ways to substantiate an auto accident claim is by presenting visual evidence. As the saying goes, “a picture paints a thousand words”, and along these lines, accident scene photos will tell a much more compelling story than the words that are written in a police report.

If you or a loved one suffered an injury in an auto crash in Alabama, M. Adam Jones & Associates is here to help! We know the common tactics that insurance companies use to shortchange accident injury victims, and we know what it takes to thwart these tactics and put our clients in a position to recover maximum compensation. Call our office today at 334-699-5599 or message us online to schedule a free, no-obligation consultation.

Why Are Accident Scene Photos So Important with a Vehicle Crash Claim?

As we touched on earlier, accident scene photos provide visual proof that is hard to dispute. With a police report, it is easy to get into a “he said, she said”, with both sides insisting that the events happened the way that they recall them. If you have eyewitness testimony, that will definitely help substantiate your version of events, but nothing tells the story of what happened better than visual evidence.

Accident scene photos can show proof of the following:

  • How the accident occurred (i.e., which vehicle driver was at fault).
  • Damage to the vehicles involved.
  • Injuries that you may have sustained.

Incidentally, if you happen to have a dashboard camera that was running during the crash, do not forget to capture the video on that camera as well. Video evidence adds a further dimension to help prove your claim.

Which Accident Scene Photos Should I Take?

If you are at the scene of a car crash, take out your camera and snap as many photos as possible. Some photos may not be as valuable as others, but you can always go back later and delete the ones that you don’t need. If you are physically unable to take photos, have someone else whom you trust do it for you.

Take wide camera shots from several angles to show as complete a picture as possible. You should also record some video footage of the scene just to show how everything fits together. Specifically, focus on details such as:

  • The vehicles that were involved in the crash, including the license plates of each vehicle.
  • Close-up shots of all of the vehicle damage.
  • Photos of any debris that may have fallen from any of the vehicles involved.
  • Photos of any other damaged objects, such as guardrails, trees, and utility poles.
  • Photos of skid marks created by any of the vehicles.
  • Photos and video of the other driver and passengers that were involved in the accident.
  • Photos and video of any individuals that witnessed the crash.
  • Photos of your injuries at the scene of the crash. Be sure to also take follow-up photos during the course of your recovery.
  • Photos of the police and emergency responders.
  • Photos showing the weather conditions at the time of the crash.
  • Photos of traffic lights, street signs, well-known buildings nearby, and other reference points.

Contact M. Adam Jones and Associates for Help with Your Alabama Vehicle Crash Claim

Accident scene photos serve as important evidence to help substantiate the facts of a car accident claim. But it is also critical to have strong legal representation to effectively present your claim (to the insurer or the court if a trial is necessary) and fight hard for the full and fair compensation you deserve. If you were injured in an auto accident in Alabama, contact M. Adam Jones & Associates today to get started on your legal claim.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588



Dog Bites in Alabama: What Are the Most Dangerous Dog Breeds?

In recent decades, researchers have studied the underlying causes behind aggressive or even deadly interactions between human beings and dogs, and whether certain dog breeds are more prone to attacking humans.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a study in the mid-1990s regarding dog breeds that caused fatal attacks in the United States between 1979 and 1996. The Pit Bull was identified as being involved in 60 fatal attacks, Rottweiler was responsible for 29, and German Shepherds had 19 attacks.

Dog attacks make headlines on a regular basis even today. As per a national victims’ group, the canine breeds responsible for these attacks largely remain the same. These are the top dog breeds identified by after compiling a 13-year fatality report involving attacks between 2005 and 2017.

Most Dangerous Dog Breeds

Pit Bull

Pit Bull attacks account for the most deaths in the United States. This breed is also responsible for the highest percentage of unprovoked attacks. Pit Bulls were responsible for 64% dog-bite related fatalities last year in the United States.


Rottweilers are a close second when it comes to fatal and unprovoked attacks. The bite of this breed is extremely powerful. In fact, it measures 1,180 to 1,460 newtons on the force scale. Rottweilers were the top cause (almost 50%) behind deaths between 1993 and 1996 as per the CDC study.

German Shepherd

German Shepherds are beautiful dogs with a bite force of 1,060 newtons. This is enough to easily break your shin bone in two. There have been studies that found that this dog is also responsible for attacking smaller breeds.

Doberman Pinscher

The sheer strength and size of Doberman Pinschers make them a dangerous dog breed. The last reported Doberman-caused death in the United States was in 2011. This was when a Doberman Pinscher attacked and killed an elderly woman. She was the dog’s owner.


These large and intimidating dogs can easily weigh as much as 130 pounds. The Bullmastiff was responsible for the death of a Texas teenage boy. The boy was protecting another young girl that was being attacked and dragged by the canine.


Huskies are energetic and athletic dogs. They are also a current Instagram favorite. However, these are working dogs – not social ones. Siberian Huskies caused 15 deaths in the United States between 1979 and 1998.


Malamutes are often known to attack other smaller breeds and animals. They caused 5 fatal dog bites between the years 1966 and 1980.

Wolf Hybrid

These are dogs that are the result of direct crossbreeding with wolves. Although all dogs are descendants of wolves, the bloodline has been diluted to a less aggressive degree in most dog breeds.

Wolf hybrids are unpredictable and skittish. In fact, it is illegal to own a wolf hybrid in most states. This dog breed was responsible for 14 deaths in the United States between 1979 and 1998 as per the CDC.


Boxers are descendants of hunting dogs. They have powerful bites and strong jaws. They are a highly protective breed. This can be a good thing if you want a guard dog, but it also means that the breed has the propensity to be highly dangerous. The last known fatality caused by Boxers in the United States occurred in 2013.

Great Dane

Great Danes are the giants of dogs, often known as gentle giants. However, they can be very dangerous. Full-grown male Danes can easily weigh 200 pounds. In 2003, a Great Dane was responsible for killing a 2-year-old girl in the US.

Dog Bites are not just Painful but also Expensive

An estimated 1,000 people need emergency care in the United States each day because of dog bite injuries. These injuries, in some tragic cases, result in the death of the victim. There were 42 dog-bite-related deaths in the US in 2014. 20 of these deaths occurred in children while 16 were in individuals older than 50.

Most of the dog’s individual aggressiveness is determined by how it has been trained by its owner. But that said, there are certain dog breeds that are simply more aggressive and dangerous as compared to others. This is usually because of their massive strength and size. Since 2003, the average claim for dog attacks has increased by 90%.

This is driven by higher settlements and increasing medical costs. Injuries inflicted by canines accounted for more than 35% of homeowners’ liability in 2017. This was to the tune of nearly $700 million.

Dog attacks required 28,000 people to undergo reconstructive surgery in 2015. The cost of a dog-injury-related hospital stay is estimated to be $18,200. This is without rehabilitative care and lost wages.

Committed Dog Bite Attorneys in Alabama are Ready to Fight for You

The premises liability attorneys at M. Adam Jones & Associates have helped many victims obtain the compensation they deserve following a dog injury. We understand how to deal with animal attack cases and will help you take the right steps to maximize recovery.

Contact us today to schedule a free, no-obligation consultation with a member of our legal team.

  1. Adam Jones,

Managing Partner

  1. Adam Jones & Associates, LLC

206 N. Lena St.

Dothan, AL 36303

Tel: 334-699-5599

Fax: 334-699-5588