Traumatic brain injury (TBI) usually results from a sudden or rapid blow, jolt, or bump to the head that disrupts the functionality of the brain. This condition can also be caused by an object that penetrates the skull, such as a bullet. Not everyone who is struck in the head suffers from TBI, but this condition is far more widespread than most people believe.
According to the Centers for Disease control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 2.5 million individuals who are brought to the emergency room and more than 250,000 individuals who are hospitalized in the United States are diagnosed with TBI each year. Here are some additional statistics from the CDC:
- TBI contributes to about 30% of all injury related deaths;
- TBI contributes to the deaths of nearly 50,000 individuals each year, and approximately 153 individuals die each day from this condition;
- Approximately 80,000 to 90,000 individuals experience the onset of a TBI-related disability each year.
TBI ranges in severity from milder forms (commonly known as concussions) that last just a few hours or a few days, to the more serious types that can last a lifetime. Each individual case is unique, which can make it difficult to properly diagnose and treat the condition.
There are numerous symptoms associated with traumatic brain injury, some of the most common include:
- Severe and lasting headaches;
- Loss of consciousness;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Problems with memory;
- Problems with focus and concentration;
- Difficulty with speech;
- Mood changes or mood swings;
- Depression and anxiety;
- Agitation an irritation;
- Impulsive and risky behavior;
Most Common Causes of TBI
There are countless incidents that may cause a traumatic brain injury, here are some of the most common:
Nearly half of all TBI-related injuries occur because of falling. People fall down all the time, and most of the time, they get back up and think nothing more of it. However, when someone falls head first and/or slams their head hard against the ground, there is a greater risk of suffering from this condition. Children ages 14 years and under and the elderly are more susceptible to TBI due to falling.
Being Struck by or Struck against an Object or Surface
Struck by/struck against events are the second leading cause of TBI in the United States. This could mean being struck in the head by a loose or falling object, or having your head slammed into a hard surface. TBI from this type of event is more common at certain workplaces in which individuals work with heavy equipment and machinery in a fast-paced environment. Examples include construction sites, manufacturing facilities, and warehouses.
Motor vehicle accidents and related events are the third leading cause of TBI in the United States. This may include car accidents, truck accidents, bus accidents, motorcycle accidents, boating accidents, bicycle accidents, and pedestrian accidents. The force of a collision at impact can swiftly and severely jolt the head, resulting in head trauma. Symptoms of TBI among vehicle accident victims are not always noticeable right away. Sometimes, it can take a few days before they show up. This is why it is always best to seek medical attention immediately after a vehicle accident, even if you do not feel hurt.
Violence is the fourth leading cause of traumatic brain injury in the US. The various types of violence that may result in a TBI-related injury include gunshot wounds, domestic violence, and intentional self-harm. Domestic violence/assault disproportionately affects children ages 4 and under, who sometimes suffer TBI from being shaken back and forth (this is commonly known as “shaken baby syndrome”).
There are several other events that can cause TBI, these may include fires and explosions (this is especially common among soldiers in combat and in some workplaces), head injuries from high impact sports (e.g., football, hockey, boxing), and head injuries from extreme sports (e.g., skiing, cliff diving, or skydiving).
Suffering from Traumatic Brain Injury? Seek Experienced Legal Guidance
If you or someone close to you has TBI and it was caused by the negligence or reckless actions of another party, you may be entitled to compensation. If this is the case, it is important to protect your legal rights. Failure to take prompt action can make it more difficult to preserve important evidence to prove a legal claim. And if you are in Alabama, the standard of proof is very high, and there is only a two-year statute of limitations for most personal injury cases. For this reason, it is important to speak with an attorney as soon as it is convenient.
At M. Adam Jones and Associates, we understand that traumatic brain injuries can take a major physical, emotional, and financial toll on victims and their families. Our goal is to make the legal process as smooth and seamless as possible. We have extensive experience successfully pursuing compensation for personal injury victims in Alabama, and we can sit down with you to review your case and go over your legal rights and options. For a free consultation with one of our skilled Alabama personal injury attorneys, call our office today at 334-581-9238 or send us a message through our online contact form.